Technology is a critical component of a thriving civilization. Imagine a world without the wheel or the spear or the comfortable sandal, which I'm particularly fond of, wait, where was I again? Oh yes.
From your Palace, you can unlock new technologies, units, and buildings. One example is the Storehouse, which allows Villagers to drop off resources without having to walk all the way back to a Town Center.
Anything that saves time is a good thing, know what I mean?
You will need to unlock the Storehouse technology to speed up your resource gathering.
Good work! Remember to build Storehouses close to where your Villagers are gathering to speed up your gathering.